Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine that specialises in the surgical treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the nervous system.
The nervous system comprises the brain and the blood vessels supplying it, the spine and spinal cord, and nerves in the body that control our movements and allow us to feel sensation. Neurosurgeons treat a vast range of conditions and diseases, including brain aneurysms, brain tumours, epilepsy, herniated discs, compression of the spine, carpal tunnel syndrome, back pain and Parkinson’s disease.
Neurology is a clinical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain and nervous system. Doctors specialising in this area are called neurologists.
Neuroscience refers to the scientific research of the nervous system, its structure, physiology and behaviour. Neuroscientists study how the nervous system develops and functions normally, and what mechanisms take place that cause neurological disorders so they can be prevented, slowed-down, reversed or treated.
As an academic neurosurgeon, the Neurological Foundation Chair in Neurosurgery will lead the establishment of laboratory and clinical research programmes, combine research and teaching with clinical practice, and collaborate with neurologists and neuroscientists at the University of Otago and within the Southern Neurosurgical Service.